Menstruation is a condition that is experienced by all girls and women alike starting from the young age of 12 years till 50 years or so. It is said that almost every family consists of a female member suffering from irregularities in her menstrual cycle. “In the past decade, there has been approximately 20% increase in the number of teenaged girls coming in with their irregularities in their menstrual cycles” says experts.
Most doctors are of the opinion that obesity and stress are the major reason for menstrual irregularities. Obesity or a family history of diabetes are among the other most common reasons behind menstrual disorders and irregularities. Coming to the global scenario, as per BJOG (An international Journal Of Obstetrics and Gynecology), about 5-15% women get affected by abnormal uterine bleeding during their reproductive stage and the percentage is even more in case of older women in developing countries. The prevalence of other menstrual disorders like long-lasting menses, amenorrhea, menstrual pain, menstrual cramps etc. is on the rise. In India, menstrual complaints range between first and fourth most common disorders. In Philippines, it is the third highest common disorder.
It would not be wrong to say that menstrual disorders are an ongoing concern and perhaps more awareness might aid in reducing the pains associated with it. Here is all you need to know about menstrual disorders:
Ovulation is the release of egg from a woman’s body after approximately two weeks of their growth. Disorders in ovulation lead to infertility. The disorder is a term that describes a group of disorders in which the ovulation fails to occur or occurs in an irregular basis. Anovulation is a disorder in which the eggs in the female body do not develop properly and are not released from the ovaries. Women with this disorder may not menstruate for several months and can experience several health issues. Oliro-ovulation is a disorder in which the ovulation does not occur on regular basis and the menstrual cycle may be longer than the normal one.
Abnormal bleeding patterns
Menstrual disorder may vary from one individual to another. The disorder in the bleeding pattern is very common among women. Irregular menstruation is the most common example of menstrual disorder experienced by large number of women in which there is variation in menstrual cycle length. The New York Times reports the following kind of menstrual disorders:
Oligomenorrhea is a condition where women experiences infrequent or light menstrual periods. In the case of Amenorrhea there is the absence of menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age. Menorrhagia is a condition of heavy and prolonged condition of menstrual period. Metrorrhagia is the disorder of uterine bleeding at irregular period between the expected menstruations. Polymenorrhagia is the condition of frequent bleeding between short menstrual cycles. For women who experiences Oligomenorrhea their menstrual period occurs at an interval of greater than 35 days which is very irregular and leads to only four to nine periods in a year.
The most common causes of menstrual disorders among girls from 12 to 25 years of age are:
- Adolescence, Eating disorders, Uncontrolled eating, Excessive excitement, Hormonal imbalance
Causes for women above 25 years of age are:
- Uncontrolled diabetes, Hypertension, Hyperprolactinemia, Excessive use of medications, Pregnancy, Perimenopause, Advanced liver disease, Smoking, Depression, Chronic uterine infection
Some facts about PMS!
- One out of every three women suffers from PMS or Pre-menstrual syndrome.
- Reducing caffeine intake helps in controlling PMS.
- Nutrient deficiencies are one of the reasons behind PMS.